Ayke Ezeani
by on September 6, 2019
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Robert Gabriel Mugabe dies at 95yrs in a Singapore hospital.

Mugabe was born on February 21, 1924, to a bad Shona family in Kutama, Southern Rhodesia. He worked as a college teacher in Southern Rhodesia, Northern Rhodesia, and Ghana after an education at Kutama College and Fort Hare University.

Angered that Southern Rhodesia was a British Empire colony controlled by its white minority, Mugabe adopted Marxism and joined African nationalist demonstrations calling for an autonomous state led by black majority members. Between 1964 and 1974, he was jailed for 10 years for anti-government activism.

The political career of Robert Mugabe

Six years after his release, however, Robert Mugabe won the first general election in Zimbabwe. Before he was unseated, it would be 37 years. However, controversy has dogged his way to a fully involuntary retirement.

With an iron fist, he governed, crushing any resistance that dared to contest his rule. In the 1980s, in a campaign that murdered at least 10,000 individuals, mostly Ndebele civilians, Mugabe's Fifth Brigade crushed ZAPU-linked opposition in Matabeleland. Then, at the turn of the century, Zimbabwe was taken over by his catastrophic land reform policies.

 

Zimbabwe's land reform

Land reform in Zimbabwe Robert Mugabe initially attempted a "will-seller / buyer" model – but all came out of the window in 2000 as he started to encourage black people to seize land owned by white farmers. Agriculture and food production died as a result of extensive famine and poverty reduction in Zimbabwean culture.

He was strongly charged with fixing the 2008 general election, where Morgan Tsvangirai was thought to have secured a majority vote to oust the despot. However, he was held in office by supposed election fraud tactics, where he would stay for another nine years. In that time, inflation was higher than 100 000 percent and a loaf of bread cost a third of the daily average wage.

It was during this era that 800 billion dollar bills were circulated in order to keep Zimbabweans above the increasing levels of inflation. Some of Robert Mugabe's own peers decided that enough was enough in 2017, a few years after another re-election. At Emmerson Mnangagwa's behest, tanks rolled into Zimbabwe's capital, Harare.

Vacation of office

The deputy president – who would substitute "Uncle Bob" – planned a coup against the dictator, using his impact over the army of the country to assist bring pressure to bear on Mugabe.

The former president ultimately stepped down in November 2017 after a series of fake starts and failures to resign at appointed times. Fears that Robert tried to succeed his wife Grace, who was notorious in her own right, proved to be the ultimate straw for other party members

Robert Mugabe's heritage

His retirement was a leisurely one since then. In the 2018 elections, he spent some time campaigning for Zanu PF, ensuring his successor would have the opportunity to follow in his footsteps. However, journeys to Singapore became more common – solely for medical purposes: his last visit lasted three months before his death.

His death is going to trigger some conflicting emotions for Zimbabwe. Sympathy can come in brief supply for the remainder of the globe. Robert Mugabe's approach to management has always shown a strong determination throughout his life – an attitude that crossed the line on many, many occasions.

Posted in: Society
4 people like this.
Ntsiki Qaba
He liberated Zimbabwe but he did not know when to hand over the mantle of leadership.
Moses Mnisi
Yeah built it and destroyed...
Innocent Kabiya
We should all be careful as human not to play God, I hope Zimbabweans learnt a lesson or two from his mistakes.
Sammy Tshilidzi
I am watching the memorial of this great African leader with mixed feelings and asking myself questions...